Radiofrequency ablation of benign thyroid nodules: evaluation of the treatment efficacy using ultrasonography

Ultrasonography 2016년 35권 3호 p.244 ~ p.252

안혜신(Ahn Hye-Shin) - Chung-Ang University Hospital Department of Radiology
김수진(Kim Soo-Jin) - Human Medical Imaging and Intervention Center Department of Radiology
박성희(Park Sung-Hee) - Chung-Ang University Hospital Department of Radiology
(Seo Mirinae) - Chung-Ang University Hospital Department of Radiology

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency (RF) ablation for benign thyroid nodules and assess the usefulness of internal factors (ultrasonographic findings) and external factors (treatment-related findings) in prediction of treatment efficacy.

Methods: We evaluated 22 benign thyroid nodules from 19 patients treated with RF ablation between March 2010 and January 2013. The internal and external factors of these nodules were retrospectively reviewed and correlated with the therapeutic success and the volume reduction ratio (VRR). The volume and size of the nodules were determined before treatment, and the VRR was calculated at 6-month and 1-year follow-up examinations after RF ablation. Therapeutic success was defined as a >50% volume reduction.

Results: The mean VRRs were 66.1±18.7% at 6 months and 74.3±16.7% at 1 year. The therapeutic success rate after 6 months and 1 year was 81.8% and 90.9%, respectively. At the 1-year follow-up, the margin of the nodule correlated with therapeutic success. Most of the successfully ablated nodules showed well-defined margins on initial ultrasonography (18/20, 90%) (P=0.026). In addition, nodules with ill-defined margins showed a tendency toward having a low VRR at the 6-month and 1-year follow-up examinations.

Conclusion: RF ablation was effective in decreasing the volume of benign thyroid nodules. Thyroid nodules with well-defined margins tended to show successful outcomes at the 1-year follow-up examination after RF ablation.

키워드

Thyroid nodule, Ablation techniques, Ultrasonography
원문 및 링크아웃 정보
등재저널 정보
SCI(E) 학술진흥재단(KCI) KoreaMed 대한의학회 회원 
주제코드
주제명(Target field)
연구대상(Population)
연구참여(Sample size)
대상성별(Gender)
질병특성(Condition Category)
연구환경(Setting)
연구설계(Study Design)
연구기간(Period)
중재방법(Intervention Type)
중재명칭(Intervention Name)
키워드(Keyword)
유효성결과(Recomendation)
Most of the successfully ablated nodules showed well-defined margins on initial ultrasonography (18/20, 90%) (P=0.026); RF ablation was effective in decreasing the volume of benign thyroid nodules.
연구비지원(Fund Source)
근거수준평가(Evidence Hierarchy)
출판년도(Year)
참여저자수(Authors)
대표저자
DOI
KCD코드
ICD 03
건강보험코드