Cost Effectiveness of Interventions to Promote Screening for Colorectal Cancer: A Randomized Trial

예방의학회지 2011년 44권 3호 p.101 ~ p.110

(Misra Swati) - USA University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston 1School of Public Health
(Chan Wenyaw) - USA University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston 1School of Public Health
(Chang Yu-Chia) - USA University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston 1School of Public Health
(Bartholomew L. Kay) - USA University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston 1School of Public Health
(Greisinger Anthony) - USA Kelsey Research Foundation
(McQueen Amy) - USA Washington University School of Medicine

Abstract

Objective: Screening for colorectal cancer is considered cost effective, but is underutilized in the U.S. Information on the efficiency of "tailored interventions" to promote colorectal cancer screening in primary care settings is limited. The paper reports the results of a cost effectiveness analysis that compared a survey-only control group to a Centers for Disease Control (CDC) web-based intervention (screen for life) and to a tailored interactive computer-based intervention.

Methods: A randomized controlled trial of people 50 and over, was conducted to test the interventions. The sample was 1224 partcipants 50-70 years of age, recruited from Kelsey-Seybold Clinic, a large multi-specialty clinic in Houston, Texas. Screening status was obtained by medical chart review after a 12-month follow-up period. An "intention to treat" analysis and micro costing from the patient and provider perspectives were used to estimate the costs and effects. Analysis of statistical uncertainty was conducted using nonparametric bootstrapping.

Results: The estimated cost of implementing the web-based intervention was $40 per person and the cost of the tailored intervention was $45 per person. The additional cost per person screened for the web-based intervention compared to no intervention was $2602 and the tailored intervention was no more effective than the web-based strategy.

Conclusion: The tailored intervention was less cost-effective than the web-based intervention for colorectal cancer screening promotion. The web-based intervention was less cost-effective than previous studies of in-reach colorectal cancer screening promotion. Researchers need to continue developing and evaluating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interventions to increase colorectal cancer screening.

키워드

Colorectal cancer, Cost-effectiveness, Screening promotion, Tailoring
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등재저널 정보
학술진흥재단(KCI) KoreaMed 대한의학회 회원 
주제코드
주제명(Target field)
연구대상(Population)
연구참여(Sample size)
대상성별(Gender)
질병특성(Condition Category)
연구환경(Setting)
연구설계(Study Design)
연구기간(Period)
중재방법(Intervention Type)
중재명칭(Intervention Name)
키워드(Keyword)
유효성결과(Recomendation)
The web-based intervention was less cost-effective than previous studies of in-reach colorectal cancer screening promotion.
연구비지원(Fund Source)
근거수준평가(Evidence Hierarchy)
출판년도(Year)
참여저자수(Authors)
대표저자
KCD코드
ICD 03
건강보험코드