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Clinical Outcomes of Reduced-Port Laparoscopic Surgery for Patients With Sigmoid Colon Cancer: Surgery With 1 Surgeon and 1 Camera Operator

Annals of Coloproctology
2018년 34권 6호 p.292 ~ p.298
 ( Oh Jung-Ryul ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer

박성찬 ( Park Sung-Chan ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer
박성실 ( Park Sung-Sil ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer
손병훈 ( Sohn Beong-Hoon ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer
 ( Oh Hyoung-Min ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer
김번 ( Kim Bun ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer
김민중 ( Kim Min-Jung ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer
홍창원 ( Hong Chang-Won ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer
한경수 ( Han Kyung-Su ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer
손대경 ( Sohn Dae-Kyung ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer
오재환 ( Oh Jae-Hwan ) - National Cancer Center Center for Colorectal Cancer

Abstract

Purpose: This study compared the perioperative clinical outcomes of reduced-port laparoscopic surgery (RPLS) with those of conventional multiport laparoscopic surgery (MPLS) for patients with sigmoid colon cancer and investigated the safety and feasibility of RPLS performed by 1 surgeon and 1 camera operator.

Methods: From the beginning of 2010 until the end of 2014, 605 patients underwent a colectomy for sigmoid colon cancer. We compared the characteristics, postoperative outcomes, and pathologic results for the patients who underwent RPLS and for the patients who underwent MPLS. We also compared the clinical outcomes of single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) and 3-port laparoscopic surgery.

Results: Of the 115 patients in the RPLS group, 59 underwent SILS and 56 underwent 3-port laparoscopic surgery. The MPLS group included 490 patients. The RPLS group had shorter operating time (137.4 ± 43.2 minutes vs. 155.5 ± 47.9 minutes, P < 0.001) and shorter incision length (5.3 ± 2.2 cm vs. 7.8 ± 1.2 cm, P < 0.001) than the MPLS group. In analyses of SILS and 3-port laparoscopic surgery, the SILS group showed younger age, longer operating time, and shorter incision length than the 3-port surgery group and exhibited a more advanced T stage, more lymphatic invasion, and larger tumor size.

Conclusion: RPLS performed by 1 surgeon and 1 camera operator appears to be a feasible and safe surgical option for the treatment of patients with sigmoid colon cancer, showing comparable clinical outcomes with shorter operation time and shorter incision length than MPLS. SILS can be applied to patients with favorable tumor characteristics.

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