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수면호흡장애의 진단과 수면다원검사

The diagnosis of sleep related breathing disorders and polysomnography

대한치과의사협회지
2015년 53권 4호 p.238 ~ p.248
박지운 ( Park Ji-Woon ) - 서울대학교 치의학대학원 구강내과진단학교실

Abstract

Sleep related breathing disorders(SRBDs) are a group of diseases accompanied by difficulties in respiration and ventilation
during sleep. Central sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea(OSA), sleep-related hypoventilation, and hypoxemia disorder are included in this disease entity. OSA is known to be the most common SRBDs and studies show its significant correlation with general health problems including hypertension, arrhythmia, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. The diagnostic process of OSA is composed of physical examinations of the head and neck area and also the oral cavity. Radiologic studies including cephalography, CT, MRI, and fluoroscopy assist in identifying the site of obstruction. However, polysomnography(PSG) is still considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of OSA since it offers both qualitative and quantitative recording of the events during a whole night’s sleep. The dentist who is trained in sleep medicine can easily identify patients with the risk of OSA starting from simple questions and screening questionnaires. Diagnosis is the first step to treatment and considering the high rate of under-diagnosis for OSA the dentist may play a substantial role in the diagnosis and treatment of OSA which will eventually lead to the well-being of the patient as a whole person. So the objective of this article is to assist dental professionals in gaining knowledge and insight of the diagnostic measures for OSA including PSG.

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원문 및 링크아웃 정보
 
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학술진흥재단(KCI) 
주제코드
주제명
(Target field)
연구대상
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연구참여
(Sample size)
대상성별
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질병특성
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연구환경
(Setting)
연구설계
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(Intervention Name)
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