Long-Term Follow-Up Results of Ultrasound-Guided Radiofrequency Ablation for Low-Risk Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma: More Than 5-Year Follow-Up for 84 Tumors.

Cho, Se Jin; Baek, Sun Mi; Lim, Hyun Kyung; Lee, Kang Dae; Son, Jung Min; Baek, Jung Hwan
Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association
2020Dec ; 30 ( 12 ) :1745-1751.
저자 상세정보
Cho, Se Jin -
Baek, Sun Mi -
Lim, Hyun Kyung -
Lee, Kang Dae -
Son, Jung Min -
Baek, Jung Hwan -
ABSTRACT
Background: Despite reports describing favorable short-term results for thermal ablation of thyroid cancer, there remains a need to evaluate long-term results because of its indolent characteristics. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of ultrasound (US)-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for low-risk papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) over a follow-up period of more than five years. Methods: From a cohort of patients under surveillance after US-guided RFA for primary low-risk PTMC, those with a record of follow-up data of more than five years were selected for this study. Before RFA, all patients underwent US and computed tomography to evaluate the PTMC and the presence of neck metastasis. RFA was performed using thyroid-dedicated electrodes. Follow-up US was performed 6 and 12 months after initial RFA, and then every 12 months. The status of ablated tumors was evaluated according to volume reduction, local tumor progression, newly developed cancers, lymph node (LN) or distant metastasis, and delayed surgery during follow-up. Complications during the procedure and follow-up period were evaluated. Results: A total of 84 nodules from 74 patients were included in this study. All patients tolerated RFA, and the mean follow-up duration was 72 months. After RFA, complete disappearance rates of 98.8% and 100% were achieved at 24 and 60-month follow-up, respectively. Additional ablations were performed in 13 of 84 tumors. The mean number of RFA sessions was 1.2. There were four newly developed cancers in three patients, and these were also treated with RFA and completely disappeared. During the follow-up period, there was no local tumor progression, no LN or distant metastasis, and no patients underwent delayed surgery. The major complication rate was 1.4% (1/74), and there was no delayed complication or procedure-related death. Conclusions: RFA is effective for treating low-risk PTMC patients, without occurrence of local tumor progression, LN or distant metastasis, delayed complications, procedure-related death, or delayed surgery over more than five years of follow-up.
keyword
efficacy; long-term; papillary thyroid microcarcinoma; radiofrequency ablation; safety; ultrasound
링크

주제코드
주제명(Target field)
연구대상(Population)
연구참여(Sample size)
대상성별(Gender)
질병특성(Condition Category)
연구환경(Setting)
연구설계(Study Design)
연구기간(Period)
중재방법(Intervention Type)
중재명칭(Intervention Name)
키워드(Keyword)
유효성결과(Recomendation)
RFA is effective for treating low-risk PTMC patients, without occurrence of local tumor progression, LN or distant metastasis, delayed complications, procedure-related death, or delayed surgery over more than five years of follow-up.
연구비지원(Fund Source)
근거수준평가(Evidence Hierarchy)
출판년도(Year)
참여저자수(Authors)
대표저자
DOI
10.1089/thy.2020.0106
KCD코드
ICD 03
건강보험코드