Retinoic acid-related orphan receptor alpha reprograms glucose metabolism in glutamine-deficient hepatoma cells.

Byun, Jun-Kyu; Choi, Yeon-Kyung; Kang, Yu Na; Jang, Byoung Kuk; Kang, Koo Jeong; Jeon, Yong Hyun; Lee, Ho-Won; Jeon, Jae-Han; Koo, Seung-Hoi; Jeong, Won-Il; Harris, Robert A; Lee, In-Kyu; Park, Keun-Gyu
Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.)
2015Mar ; 61 ( 3 ) :953-64.
저자 상세정보
Byun, Jun-Kyu -
Choi, Yeon-Kyung -
Kang, Yu Na -
Jang, Byoung Kuk -
Kang, Koo Jeong -
Jeon, Yong Hyun -
Lee, Ho-Won -
Jeon, Jae-Han -
Koo, Seung-Hoi -
Jeong, Won-Il -
Harris, Robert A -
Lee, In-Kyu -
Park, Keun-Gyu -
The metabolism of glutamine and glucose is recognized as a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of cancer; however, targeted molecules that mediate glutamine and glucose metabolism in cancer cells have not been addressed. Here, we show that restricting the supply of glutamine in hepatoma cells, including HepG2 and Hep3B cells, markedly increased the expression of retinoic acid-related orphan receptor alpha (ROR慣). Up-regulation of ROR慣 in glutamine-deficient hepatoma cells resulted from an increase in the level of cellular reactive oxygen species and in the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate/nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate reduced (NADP+ /NADPH) ratio, which was consistent with a reduction in the glutathione/glutathione disulfide (GSH/GSSG) ratio. Adenovirus (Ad)-mediated overexpression of ROR慣 (Ad-ROR慣) or treatment with the ROR慣 activator, SR1078, reduced aerobic glycolysis and down-regulated biosynthetic pathways in hepatoma cells. Ad-ROR慣 and SR1078 reduced the expression of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 2 (PDK2) and inhibited the phosphorylation of pyruvate dehydrogenase and subsequently shifted pyruvate to complete oxidation. The ROR慣-mediated decrease in PDK2 levels was caused by up-regulation of p21, rather than p53. Furthermore, ROR慣 inhibited hepatoma growth both in vitro and in a xenograft model in vivo. We also found that suppression of PDK2 inhibited hepatoma growth in a xenograft model. These findings mimic the altered glucose utilization and hepatoma growth caused by glutamine deprivation. Finally, tumor tissue from 187 hepatocellular carcinoma patients expressed lower levels of ROR慣 than adjacent nontumor tissue, supporting a potential beneficial effect of ROR慣 activation in the treatment of liver cancer. CONCLUSION: ROR慣 mediates reprogramming of glucose metabolism in hepatoma cells in response to glutamine deficiency. The relationships established here between glutamine metabolism, ROR慣 expression and signaling, and aerobic glycolysis have implications for therapeutic targeting of liver cancer metabolism. CI - ??2014 by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.
Adenosine Triphosphate/biosynthesis, Adult, Aged, Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/*metabolism/pathology, Cell Line, Tumor, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21/physiology, Female, Glucose/*metabolism, Glutamine/*deficiency, Glycolysis, Humans, Liver Neoplasms/*metabolism/pathology, Male, Middle Aged, Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 1/*physiology, Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors/physiology, Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/physiology

주제명(Target field)
연구참여(Sample size)
질병특성(Condition Category)
연구설계(Study Design)
중재방법(Intervention Type)
중재명칭(Intervention Name)
Retinoic acid-related orphan receptor alpha mediates reprogramming of glucose metabolism in hepatoma cells in response to glutamine defciency.
연구비지원(Fund Source)
근거수준평가(Evidence Hierarchy)
ICD 03