Measurement of lens density using Scheimpflug imaging system as a screening test in the field of health examination for age-related cataract.

Lim, Dong Hui; Kim, Tae Hyup; Chung, Eui-Sang; Chung, Tae-Young
The British journal of ophthalmology
2015Feb ; 99 ( 2 ) :184-91.
저자 상세정보
Lim, Dong Hui - Department of Ophthalmology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea Department of Preventive Medicine, Catholic University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Kim, Tae Hyup - Department of Ophthalmology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Chung, Eui-Sang - Department of Ophthalmology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Chung, Tae-Young - Department of Ophthalmology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE: To assess Pentacam (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany) Scheimpflug quantitative images in evaluating lens density and providing objective measurements to suggest optimal time of cataract surgery in the field of health examination.

METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-nine eyes with age-related cataract were enrolled. Lens density was measured using Pentacam. All Pentacam images were exported to ImageJ (NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, USA) for quantitative analysis. Average lens density (ALD) and nuclear lens density (NLD) were calculated. Lens density was also evaluated by built-in Pentacam Nucleus Staging (PNS) software. Slit-lamp microscopy was performed for cataract grading according to Lens Opacification Classification System III (LOCS III). The best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was measured. All measurements were compared between the cataract surgery and non-cataract surgery groups.

RESULTS: The measurements of Pentacam images significantly correlated with LOCS III for nuclear opalescence (NO) and nuclear colour (NC) grading (p<0.01). Pentacam ImageJ showed higher correlation than PNS. The mean NLD was most highly correlated with NO (r=0.8833) and NC (r=0.6815). The maximum ALD was most highly correlated with cortical opacity (r=0.5381). All Pentacam measurements of lens density and BCVA were significantly different between the cataract surgery and non-surgery groups (p<0.01). The optimised cut-off values to perform cataract surgery for mean NLD and maximum ALD were 26 and 74, respectively (p<0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: The Pentacam ImageJ method provided objective measurements to evaluate cataracts needing surgery. The method has the potential to be generally applied in the field of health examination and is effective in screening patients with cataract. CI - Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.
keyword
Diagnostic tests/Investigation; Imaging; Lens and zonules; Public health
MESH
Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, *Aging, Cataract/classification/*diagnosis, Female, Humans, Lens, Crystalline/*pathology, Male, Middle Aged, Photography/*methods, Physical Examination, Vision Screening/*methods, Visual Acuity/physiology
링크

주제코드
주제명(Target field)
연구대상(Population)
연구참여(Sample size)
대상성별(Gender)
질병특성(Condition Category)
연구환경(Setting)
연구설계(Study Design)
연구기간(Period)
중재방법(Intervention Type)
중재명칭(Intervention Name)
키워드(Keyword)
유효성결과(Recomendation)
The Pentacam ImageJ method provided objective measurements to evaluate cataracts needing surgery.
연구비지원(Fund Source)
근거수준평가(Evidence Hierarchy)
출판년도(Year)
참여저자수(Authors)
대표저자
DOI
10.1136/bjophthalmol-2014-305632
KCD코드
ICD 03
건강보험코드