Robot-assisted total preservation of the pelvic autonomic nerve with extended systematic lymphadenectomy as part of nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer.

Lee, Yoon Soon; Chong, Gun Oh; Lee, Yoon Hee; Hong, Dae Gy; Cho, Young Lae; Park, Il Soo
International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
2013Jul ; 23 ( 6 ) :1133-8.
저자 상세정보
Lee, Yoon Soon -
Chong, Gun Oh -
Lee, Yoon Hee -
Hong, Dae Gy -
Cho, Young Lae -
Park, Il Soo -
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate our short-term clinical outcomes of robot-assisted autonomic nerve-sparing extended systematic lymphadenectomy as part of nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy.

METHODS: Between March 2011 and June 2012, we observed prospectively 28 consecutive patients who underwent robot-assisted autonomic nerve-sparing extended systematic lymphadenectomy, including the superior and inferior gluteal, presacral (subaortic), common iliac, and lower para-aortic nodes.

RESULTS: The predominant International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage was IB1 (15 patients), followed by IB2 (5 patients), IA2 (3 patients), IIA1 (3 patients), and IIA2 (2 patients). The mean 짹 SD total operating time was 308.8 짹 54.9 minutes, and the mean 짹 SD console time was 280.0 짹 46.0 minutes. The mean 짹 SD blood loss was 102.7 짹 153.8 mL. The mean 짹 SD acquired pelvic lymph node was 27.1 짹 9.3, the mean 짹 SD extended lymph node was 19.2 짹 9.6, and the mean 짹 SD total lymph node was 46.3 짹 14.5. A total of 10 patients (35.7%) had nodal metastasis; among them, 6 patients (21.4%) had single pelvic nodal metastasis, 3 patients (10.7%) had concurrent pelvic and extended nodal metastasis, and one patient (3.6%) had single extended nodal metastasis. No intraoperative complications that required treatment occurred; however, ureterovaginal fistula was identified in 4 patients (14.3%) and ureter stricture in 4 patients (14.3%) after radiotherapy. After a median follow-up of 10 months (range, 1-16 months), there was no pelvic recurrence; however, one patient had recurrence at transposition site of ovary.

CONCLUSIONS: With the advantage of delicate movement of robot instrument, robot-assisted systematic extended lymphadenectomy with total preservation of pelvic autonomic nerves did not compromise the radicality, and its surgical technique was feasible and safe. By using this approach, we could harvest more lymph nodes and have a high rate of metastatic nodes without disturbing voiding function; however, there was increased rate of urological complications. Moreover, long-term survival benefit after an extended systematic lymphadenectomy must be evaluated.
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MESH
Adenocarcinoma/pathology/surgery, Autonomic Pathways/pathology/*surgery, Carcinoma, Adenosquamous/pathology/surgery, Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology/surgery, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, *Hysterectomy, *Lymph Node Excision, Lymphatic Metastasis, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Staging, Pelvis/pathology/*surgery, Prognosis, Prospective Studies, *Robotics, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology/*surgery
링크

주제코드
주제명(Target field)
연구대상(Population)
연구참여(Sample size)
대상성별(Gender)
질병특성(Condition Category)
연구환경(Setting)
연구설계(Study Design)
연구기간(Period)
중재방법(Intervention Type)
중재명칭(Intervention Name)
키워드(Keyword)
유효성결과(Recomendation)
Robot-assisted systematic extended lymphadenectomy with total preservation of pelvic autonomic nerves did not compromise the radicality, and its surgical technique was feasible and safe.
연구비지원(Fund Source)
근거수준평가(Evidence Hierarchy)
출판년도(Year)
참여저자수(Authors)
대표저자
DOI
10.1097/IGC.0b013e31829b10db.
KCD코드
ICD 03
건강보험코드