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KMID : 0123420140190020111
대한지역사회영양학회지
2014년 19권 2호 p.111 ~ p.121
서울 소재 일부 중학교 여학생의 비만도에 따른 체형만족도, 식사장애 및 체중조절 태도 분석
Body Image, Risk of Disturbed Eating Attitudes and Weight Control of Female Junior High School Students by the Body Mass Index in Seoul
송현정 ( Song Hyun-Jung ) - 단국대학교 일반대학원 영영학전공

문현경 ( Moon Hyun-Kyung ) - 단국대학교 일반대학원 영영학전공
Abstract
Objectives: In this study, perception of body image, eating attitudes and weight control were examined by the degree of obesity using Body Mass Index (BMI).

Methods: Out of 420 questionnaires distributed to the female middle school students (aged 12-16 years), 407 were returned (97% response rate) and 395 were analyzed (94% analysis rate). Female students were divided into two groups based on the BMI percentile using the 2007 Korean National Growth Charts. (1) normal weight (5th percentile ≤ BMI < 85th percentile) (2) obese (85th percentile ≤ BMI) by 2007 Korean National Growth Charts. Satisfaction of self-body shape, risk of disturbed eating attitudes (Eating Attitude Test : EAT-26), and weight control behaviors were examined.

Results: Distribution of the subjects by BMI was 74.5% of normal and 25.5% of obese. There were significant differences between self-perceived current body image and self-perceived ideal body image. The dissatisfaction of body image was higher in obese than in normal groups (p < 0.001). 51.4% of female students were unsatisfied with their body image while 2.6% were very satisfied. Among the students unsatisfied with their body image, 150 (52.1%) were of normal weight and 48 (49.4%) were obese. EAT-26 total scores were significantly higher in the obese group (16.42 ± 8.23)
compared with normal group (13.72 ± 8.10) (p < 0.01). Attempted to weight control were significantly different by the BMI (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: This study concludes that there was desire to become thinner than current status in female students, even those with normal BMI. Many female students were dissatisfied with their body image and attempted to lose weight. It is harmful to their health and nutritional status if they choose undesirable methods. These findings
suggested that there are needs to encourage female students for maintaining healthyweight. A higher score of EAT-26 was associated with dissatisfaction of selfbody image and this may lead to unhealthy behaviors in obese female students.
KEYWORDS

self- body shape, weight control, Eating Attitude Test-26, BMI
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학술진흥재단(KCI) 
주제코드
주제명
(Target field)
연구대상
(Population)
연구참여
(Sample size)
대상성별
(Gender)
질병특성
(Condition Category)
연구환경
(Setting)
연구설계
(Study Design)
연구기간
(Period)
중재방법
(Intervention Type)
중재명칭
(Intervention Name)
키워드
(Keyword)
유효성결과
(Recomendation)
연구비지원
(Fund Source)
근거수준평가
(Evidence Hierarchy)
출판년도
(Year)
참여저자수
(Authors)
대표저자
(1st Authors)
Doi
KCD코드
ICD 03
건강보험코드