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KMID : 0123420140190010084
대한지역사회영양학회지
2014년 19권 1호 p.84 ~ p.94
흡연 여부에 따른 한국 성인의 식품 및 영양소 섭취와 치주염과의 상관성
Association of Food and Nutrient Intakes with Periodontitis by Smoking Status among Korean Adults
김성희 ( Kim Sung-Hee ) - 동덕여자대학교 임상영양학과

유아름 ( Yu A-Reum ) - 동덕여자대학교 임상영양학과
양윤정 ( Yang Yoon-Jung ) - 동덕여자대학교 식품영양학과
Abstract
Periodontal disease is one of the most common chronic inflammatory diseases in the oral cavity, and this is the leading cause of loss of teeth. Studies on the association between diet and periodontal diseases are very limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between food and nutrient intakes and the prevalence of periodontitis. Subjects were 13,391 adults participating in the 2008-2010 Korea Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Periodontitis was diagnosed by dentists using the Community Periodontal Index. Nutrient intakes were estimated by the 24-hour dietary recall. Consumption frequencies of foods were from the food frequency questionnaire. Subjects were categorized into ’smoking’ or ’non-smoking’ groups. Multiple logistic regression analysis was applied to determine the association between diet and periodontitis. The proportions of subjects having periodontitis were 26% in the non-smoking group and 37.5% in the smoking group. In the nonsmoking group, intakes of fruits, dairy products, green tea, energy and vitamin C were inversely associated with the prevalence of periodontitis, but fish and coffee intakes were positively associated with the prevalence of periodontitis after adjusting for covariates. In the smoking group, protein and retinol intakes were inversely associated with the prevalence of periodontitis after adjusting for covariates. These results suggest that certain food and nutrient intakes such as fruits, dairy products, green tea, vitamin C, protein, or retinol intakes may affect the prevalence of periodontitis among Korean adults. Further studies are required to confirm these findings in other research settings.
KEYWORDS

periodontitis, diet, KNHANES, Community Periodontal Index
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학술진흥재단(KCI) 
주제코드
주제명
(Target field)
연구대상
(Population)
연구참여
(Sample size)
대상성별
(Gender)
질병특성
(Condition Category)
연구환경
(Setting)
연구설계
(Study Design)
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(Period)
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(Intervention Name)
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(Recomendation)
연구비지원
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(Year)
참여저자수
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대표저자
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Doi
KCD코드
ICD 03
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